Botanical Name: Syzygium aromaticum L.
Plant Part: Buds
Processing Method: Steam Distilled
Product Description: The clove tree is a small evergreen tree (Syzygium aromaticum or Eugenia caryophyllata) of the family Myrtaceae (myrtle family) and for its unopened flower bud, an important spice. Cloves are commercially harvested primarily in Bangladesh, Indonesia, India, Madagascar, Zanzibar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Tanzania. Clove contains a number of volatile oils, the most significant of which is eugenol that comprises up to 90% of the total oil produced by the plant. It is extracted primarily from clove buds, though it can also be extracted from the leaves of the clove tree as well. The fruit matures approximately nine months after flowering. The long red ovary of the flower gradually turns a reddish-purple and swells to the size of an olive, but is more oblong in shape with the sepals covering where the flower once was. The fruit contains one, or rarely two, seeds and is often referred to as the ‘mother of cloves’. Cultivated clove trees are rarely allowed to reach fruiting stage.
Cautions: Dilute well before use; for external use only. May cause skin irritation in some individuals; a skin test is recommended prior to use. Contact with eyes should be avoided.
Storage: It is recommended that oils packaged in metal containers (for safe shipping), be transferred into dark glass containers to maintain freshness and attain maximum shelf life.