Botanical Name: Matricaria chamomilla L
Plant Part: Flowers
Processing Method: Steam Distilled
Product Description: The Chamomile plant is an annual, reaching up to 60cm in height. From May to August it flowers, sporting top-heavy flower heads with a fragrance similar to apples. It is an annual plant with thin spindle-shaped roots only penetrating flatly into the soil. The branched stem is erect and heavily ramified. The long and narrow leaves are bi- to tripinnate. The flower heads are placed separately, they have a diameter of 10–30 mm, and they are pedunculate and heterogamous. The golden yellow tubular florets with 5 teeth are 1.5–2.5 mm long, ending always in a glandulous tube. The 11–27 white plant flowers are 6–11 mm long, 3.5 mm wide, and arranged concentrically. The receptacle is 6–8 mm wide, flat in the beginning and conical, cone-shaped later, hollow—the latter being a very important distinctive characteristic of Matricaria—and without paleae. The fruit is a yellowish brown achene.
Common Uses: The plant has daisy-like white flowers and procumbent stems whose leaves are alternate, bipinnate, finely dissected, and downy to glabrous.The fragrance is sweet, crisp, fruity and herbaceous. This chamomile grows extensively in central and eastern Europe, and is in the daisy family, growing to 30 cm high with lacey leaves and small white daisy-like flowers.
Cautions: May trigger a reaction in those who suffer from hay fever or have allergies to grass; a skin test should be performed before use. It should be avoided during pregnancy.